History of PHP and Advanced Development in PHP Programming

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The original PHP release was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in June 1995 for his own personal use, to make various common web programming tasks easier and less repetitive and to track the visitors to his online resume.

In 1997, the software transformed from a personal development project into a professional development effort. The name originally stood for “Personal Home Page,” but has since become a recursive acronym, standing for PHP Hypertext Processor.

The goal of this release was to minimize the amount of code required to achieve results, which led to PHP being HTML centric–that is, PHP code was embedded inside HTML.

The second PHP release, known as PHP/F1 2.0 was the first to achieve wide spread popularity, and despite the parsing inconsistencies, it managed to attract a few converts.

The release of PHP 3 was largely driven by Zeev Suraski and Andi Gutmans, who rewrote PHP from the ground up and removed the parsing problems. PHP 3 also made it much easier for others to extend the language. PHP 3 has live up to the design goals of improving the performance of complex applications and modularity of PHP’S code base. Apart from this, it provides end users with a solid infrastructure for lots of different databases, protocols and APIs.

Its successor, PHP 4, contained numerous major changes, including Zend Engine. PHP 4 has introduced multi-threading, which essentially allows particularly lengthy, but non-critical functions to be run independently from the main script process, further streamlining execution.

The engine took over the core of PHP and introduced reference counting, whereby all resources used in scripts (database connections, files, etc) are tracked automatically by the engine, and freed when no longer used to minimize memory usage and ensure there were no memory leaks. In short, Zend engine, take a leading role in improving the performance of PHP scripts.

PHP 5 offers three different types of properties: public, protected and private properties. PHP 5 was released powered by the new Zend Engine II. PHP 5 included new features such as:

Support for object-oriented programming, better support for MYSQL, embedded support for SQlite and integrated SOAP support.
The PHP Data Objects extension, which defines a light weight and consistent interface for accessing databases.
Performance enhancements
Data iterators
Error handling via exceptions

Although not as vast as the jump from PHP 3 to PHP 4, the move from PHP 4 to PHP 5 is still a big one.

Along with hugely improved object orientation, the addition of try/catch error handling, and exceptions, there are two major new extensions: simple XML, a fast and easy-to-learn way to interact with XML documents, and SQLite, a new flat-file database API that eases the burden of deploying simple database solutions.

Nokia Lumia 710 For A Superb Multimedia Experience!

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The Finnish mobile phone veteran is in recent months witnessing a reversal of fortunes. The launch of the Lumia series of smartphones has indeed made it possible for it to make the turn around. The UK mobile phone market, particularly has responded very positively to the Nokia Lumia 710 contract as well as the bigger cousin, the Nokia Lumia 800 for that matter.

You have one of the most functional and problem free smartphone handset when it comes to excessively brilliant multimedia phones. Besides the obvious charm of multimedia, the Lumia 710 has several other attributes that will most certainly make the potential buyer happy and nod in approval.

The Nokia Lumia 710 is a smartphone that is a shining example of the extremely positive outcome that has happened because of the association of Nokia with Microsoft. It is really surprising what big difference the presence of a more robust and vibrant operating platform can bring about in the fortunes of a falling company. Microsoft Windows Phone OS most certainly got the momentum going once again for Nokia. This version is also called the Mango.
Mango OS, powerful processor, fast web browsing you have it al here!

Besides the latest from Microsoft in the Microsoft Windows Phone version 7.0 of the operating system, you also have a powerful 1400 MHz Qualcomm MSM8255 (WCDMA) processor. This is a mighty enough combination of superlative software and hardware that any one in the mobile phone industry would love to provide in their respective handsets. Really, the outcome is beyond compare performance. Be it multi tasking or the quickness with which web pages download and close, or the efficacy with which you can work on more than a couple of E-mail accounts, and so on and so forth.

Nokia has also worked on the design aspect of the Lumia 710 and this shows. Affording a compact dimensions of 710 is 119 x 62.4 x 12.5 mm, the Nokia Lumia 710 weighs a very acceptable 126 gm. The device derives its power from the BP-3L 3.7V 1300 mAh battery.

The 3,7 inches wide Clear Black display touchscreen is something that you would not be able to take y our eyes off that easily. The TFT display is through the premius Corning Gorilla Glass and the resolution obtained is 480 x 800 pixels.
With just about everything starting from Google Search, Gmail, Yahoo Mail, YouTube, and Wikipedia available at your fingertips, you cannot but be happy with the net connectivity and data networking support offered.
The five mega pixel camera also more than does its job by returning crystal clear still images and high resolution video footage.

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Store Sensitive Information Using Remote Laptop Backup Software

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Try to think about the absence of remote laptop backup solution in big companies; they would compete with each other to get better bandwidth and connection to access and recover files they need specially when their unit crashes. This is why remote laptop backup software was introduced in the first place and this is still the primary reason why major companies and wide-running industries need to consider getting the best laptop backup to allow fluid backup-and-access throughout the work area without disrupting one another and each others work.

The introduction of remote laptop backup program is not only made for system failures. Data solution is mainly used to access files easily without the use of wires and cables. This is essential for those who need to recover data in the middle of a meeting; those who need to get their files while on the road or while setting up the rest of their presentation and need to avoid the hassle of contacting a technician.

Lastly, remote laptop backup program is helpful when natural disasters fall on the area.To finish, when unnecessary situations arise, laptop backup software is very useful. It might be unfortunate for a company to know that together with their physical resources, important files are also lost. Remote backup eradicates this kind of situation and also allow remote access to their stored data. This proves the spirit of remote laptop backup software besides the ease that it gives for employees.

Not all remote laptop backup solution are deem appropriate for every company need. Though there are various options available, picking which one is the best is never an easy task. Remember, the backup software should be reliable at all times especially when there is a need to retrieve backup in order to sustain the normal operation of a business which may have been hampered by an unexpected event.

Some businesses have actually tried using non-rated data recovery software. It became a catastrophic experience for them. Imagine how they felt spending tons of monetary resources just to find out their backup system is not good enough to handle their backup requirements.

When choosing a remote laptop backup software, it is important to take into consideration some features that may affect its performance. These are the most important features laptop backup software will provide: automatic data backup – both spontaneous and scheduled backups are important, a multi-level security system to keep data locked for employees and employees only, minimal storage requirements and an easy to use interface for any type of employee to utilize the system. Only an appropriate remote laptop backup software can give you that peace of mind that your company is in good hands.

Hazards Of Computer Security

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Computer security hazards are a constant and never ending concern for information security managers, especially due to the increasingly deceptive modes of theft and hacking that are being created and developed. When it comes to security for computers, their programs and the information that you are protecting, there is never a moment where you want to find your organization or the management systems it uses are vulnerable or at risk. For this reason, it is crucial that you are always up to date on industry practices and norms, so that you can implement these new and revised techniques with each computer security hazard as they arise and to prevent future instances.

Any training you take to learn to manage computer security hazards and threats for a company and organization should provide you with a comprehensive education on the different types of threats possible, as well as how they function, how to prevent and detect them and how to fix the damage they can cause. You will also need to be informed off the way in which networks operate in order to create the most secure for your company, or if one is already in use, to know how it operates and how to reduce the security hazards that you might face.

Perhaps the most important and useful training you can receive is how to relay risk reduction and management skills to other individuals within the company. The biggest hazard to an organization’s network is the individuals that will be using it daily, and all of these people will need to be made aware of measures that need to be taken and educated in your network’s ability to deal with specific threats. This form of education and management is a vital role in reducing the hazards that can potentially plague the computer security of your firm, which is why it requires full time management. If you are able to combine your technical skills with great people and communication skills, this might be the best role for yourself in the field and present more opportunities for you career wise.

If you are considering a career in computer security management, training on the hazards to these networks is an important and integral part of that education. Because it is a field that is high in demand, the career possibilities and opportunities are great. Invest the time and energy in educating yourself about all aspects of this path in order to give yourself the best advantage when it comes time to look for employment. Employers are always looking for individuals with a wide breadth of understanding and knowledge surrounding the networks that they create to best serve their clients in order to grow and remain successful.

Why You Should Always Have A Warranty When Buying Network Hardware

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Purchasing hardware is essential to ensure that you can set up your network successfully, and there are several different pieces of hardware that you will need. All computer equipment and hardware is easy to install if you know what you are doing. However, if you are inexperienced or unsure, it is far better to leave the installation to the experts.

Research is essential when you are searching for the right piece of hardware for your network, and ensuring that it has a warranty is vital. There are many different processes and decisions that need to be made when selecting the hardware which you will need. Having a warranty for your hardware may seem like an expense that you can do without; however, they are incredibly useful.

Technology is incredible; however, when it fails to work it can be devastating and cause enormous issues for you and your business. Ensuring the hardware that you have chosen has some form of warranty will guarantee that it will be fixed in the event it breaks. There are several different forms of warranty, and you need to decide on your budget before choosing one.

One of the best ways to decide how much to spend on the warranty for your hardware is to perform a risk assessment on the item. Some pieces of hardware are more likely to break than others; therefore, spending more on the warranty may be advisable. You will also need to ensure that you understand what the warranty will cover and what is written in the small print. Warranties for hardware can be extremely complex; therefore, you need to understand what you are purchasing.

Standard warranties are beneficial to have; however, they do not always mean that your hardware will be replaced quickly. Any amount of downtime your business is experiencing can become costly; therefore, you need to see if the warranty can be upgraded. Many top companies will offer 4-hour onsite service, and next day delivery for new hardware. This will ensure that your computer is back up and running in a short amount of time.

You need to think of the worst-case scenario, and decide if it is worth putting your computer and business at risk by not having a warranty. For a small amount of money, you will be able to cover any potential issues and problems with the hardware. Any amount of time that your computer system is not working can influence your business.

Placing the affordable amount in your overall budget for the year will provide you with peace of mind. Nobody enjoys spending money they do not have; however, you need to consider how much it will cost you if your business cannot operate. You need to consider how much risk you are willing to take, and if that risk is worth not taking out the warranty.

Bsc Management Sciences At The University Of Southampton

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Heres a quick overview of the BSc Management Sciences degree course from the University of Southamptons Management School.

BSc Management Sciences, also known as Operational Research, applies a rational, analytical approach to management, to improve organisational performance.

The decisions associated with management are frequently complex and entail considerable uncertainty, not least because of limited information, time and resources and the motives of different stakeholders.

Using modelling, simulation and other analytical techniques, a management sciences approach can identify alternative strategies and guide practical action.

This BSc Management Sciences degree has been designed to be very flexible, so that you can specialise in your chosen area of interest.

It offers a wide range of options in both mathematical and non-mathematical management sciences.

You will also explore managerial decision-making processes, investigate commonly used management science techniques and assess the means by which people and systems can be managed to improve organisational performance.

In year one there are two optional modules from the School of Management, a language or another approved subject.

In year two there are four optional modules from the School of Management, a language or another approved subject.

In year three there are six optional modules from the School of Management, a language or another approved subject.

As a student on BSc Management Sciences you will be offered high quality tuition based on cutting-edge research.

Your understanding of the subjects covered and your ability to use the knowledge and skills gained will be enhanced through a variety of methods and strategies.

BSc Management Sciences at the University of Southampton now ranks 2nd in the UK, based on the results of the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise.

Southampton was only narrowly beaten by Oxford.

If you would like to learn more about the BSc Management Sciences degree course at the University of Southampton, just go to the Management Schools homepage at www.southampton.ac.uk/management

Programming Free TV Shows

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Free TV shows are broadcast by free television networks with one primary goal: to capture the greatest number of viewers and hold their interest for the longest time.These numbers are then used by the networks to persuade advertisers to place their commercials on these top-rated shows.

Sounds simple, but this kind of work is not the easiest job in the world.

Programming the shows on a network has to consider so many factors.Capturing the greatest number of viewers calls for a judicious spread of programs that will interest all kinds of viewers.Factors about these viewers – age, gender, and their various cultural, religious, and political persuasions – have to be carefully considered as well.

Very important, too, would be the decision on what time slots these shows are programmed to be aired.Ideally, these would be the time segments when the intended target markets for these free shows are thought to be concentrated.(Surveys are done to pinpoint the precise time slots for all kinds of audience groupings.)

In short, the free TV shows that you love so much are not there on a whim or through sheer luck.They are there precisely to MAKE you watch them at such a precise time.

The following are some programming strategies that make up the various decision points that network executives consider when they air these shows.

Dayparting

Dayparting is the practice of dividing the day into several parts.After which, they assign particular shows to air in these time divisions (with the help of survey results) hoping to catch and hold the interest of the audience.

Tent pole programming

Here, the programmers identify the network’s hit series and place two unknown or weak shows on either side of the program.Usually, the strength of the hit series (the network’s tent pole) brings the other programs to rate good as well.

In the movies and in TV network programming, a tent pole is a film or a flagship series which is heavily promoted (and invested on) and is expected to hold up everything that the movie studio or TV network had produced.

The term is borrowed from the old traveling circus shows where tents were constructed in each town they went to.The big circus tent was largely held up by the main tent pole in the center.

Hammocking

Working like a real hammock, this is the physical opposite of tent pole programming.This time, an unpopular program is aired in-between two hit shows, sort of “hammocking” the weak show using the two popular hits.

The main goal, of course, is to gather bigger audience or viewers to the weak show, carried as it is by two popular shows.

Counterprogramming

This programming strategy is usually employed by rival networks out to derail the competitor’s program.It is airing a totally different program that appeals to another group of audience.The goal is to diminish or wipe out a big portion of the rival’s audience share.

Robots- A Raging Fashion In China

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It is not unknown that China, the land where Mandarin originated, is now the worlds fastest developing country, striding into an opulent future. Its technological prowess that has even surpassed the US and its monumental space program are some of the fruits of its economic boom. Dont be surprised if China succeeds in creating a futuristic world full of robots, which can only be imagined in science fictions. Remember the Richie Rich comics, where we had Irona, who ran errands for humans? The idea sounds far-fetched and outlandish but the same idea has been applied to one of the restaurants in China, where robot waitresses serve food. Baloney? Hardly!

The Dalu Robot Restaurant in north Chinas Shandong province has been making headlines from the day it came into existence. The staff of this restaurant comprises six waitresses, all of whom are robots. These robots have been manufactured by the Shandong Dalu Science and Technology Company and programmed to serve up to 100 diners along a fixed trajectory. To ensure uninterrupted service, twenty one tables are arranged in circles and diners are served in rotation. If you participate in our study abroad programs and ever, happen to visit this restaurant, the staff will inform you about the robots serving and what one can expect out of their service. Now this is a win-win situation for both the customers and the staff. The staff does not need tips and the customers do not complain. This probably is one of the best examples of technology and humanity, going hand-in-hand.

The Chinese robotic research began in 1980s, when the country was not technologically advanced. The scientists started with the legs of the robots and eventually went on to develop its nervous system, hands and visual aids. The first humanoid robot of China finally got ready in the year 2000. Since then, China never looked back, when it came to the development of robots and the robot culture became so popular amongst the common mass that the country hosted robot Olympics in Harbin, China, in the year 2010. Robots from across the country participated in the competition. They walked, they danced and they ran, winning the hearts of thousands. The Japanese robots can now make sushi and China is not lagging behind either as is evident from the Robot Restaurant.

Chinese robots will soon be carrying out a lot of chores that we usually dont fancy doing such as washing dishes and vacuuming and hoovering the house. In todays world, the robot maids are no more a figment of imagination. The day is not far when each household will have a robot-maid, catering to all our needs and performing all our tedious household chores with equal dexterity and diligence.

IK Multimedia announced latest iLoud portable stereo speakers

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Music lovers can now add latest wireless speakers into their music device collection. IK multimedia has introduced iLoud and iLoud Mini Bluetooth speakers, first portable speakers. Highly backed up with superior power, excellent frequency response and amazing low-end ultra portable factor. A perfect alternative to studio speakers for music composition and creations on the move.

The brand new iLoud line combines two models, iLoud and iLoud mini which delivers musicians with on par sonic accuracy with professional studio monitors. This makes it possible to compose,record andcombinefrom a mobile speaker system. Despite of their diminutive size, iLoud speaker gets you a very loud sound. You will find that they are in fact 2 to 3 times louder than other comparable size speakers. Delivers you a blasting 40W RMS power with iLoud and robust 12W RMS with iLoud Mini.

Enjoy highly accurate reproduction of a variety of music styles right from rock, hip-hop to sonically and nuanced demanding genres. These speakers are equipped with onboard DSP for maintaining efficiency and accuracy at all the volume levels. High-quality, custom-designed speakers just for you to create miracles in music world. iLoud is sleekly integrated with a bi-amped 4-driver array and its mini version paired up with a full-range of speakers. With the help of bass-reflex and passive radiators construction you can create a superior bass response along with tilted profile for a perfect listening position.

For a plug and play convenience, it also offers the possibility to connect to a guitar, dynamic microphone and bass directly to the speaker with the help of a multitude of real-time app effects. The most popular mobile interface, circuitry allow all the users to plug in an instrument and access AmpliTube or other audio apps in their mobile interface of all the time. This input also accommodates dynamic microphones which makes it possible to run an app for real time vocal effects and recording.

Other than their impressive response, volumes and features, the iLoud speakers are surprisingly small and exceptionally portable which can be used everywhere. The iLoud MINI is only just the width and height of an iPad mini while iLoud has got the size of iPad. The 6cm and 2.3 thick model can easily fits in a laptop bag. Both the speakers are nicely equipped with a high-performance Li-Ion rechargeable battery attached with smart power management features to run for longer periods without charging it. These speakers supports Bluetooth operations which adds some more features to their mobility. Get these speakers to your music composition profession to spread new miracle beats over the world.

About Author: Author loves to write on latest technological news. Read this article to know all about new iLoud portable stereo speakers introduced by IK Muktimedia.

Digital Photography Software

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An Introduction to Digital Photography Software

Digital photography software has improved over the years and whether you are a keen amateur or a professional, there are packages for you to enjoy. This kind of software will ensure that you can improve the effects that you have on your photos, and guarantee that you enjoy photography. Taking a photo is a personal thing, and regardless of what the image is, you want it to look incredible.

Skill is involved when taking the perfect photograph; however, software can help when you are searching for a way to create the wow factor. Once the click of the shutter happens, there is still plenty you can do to improve the photo. You need to understand, and learn how to use the desktop imaging software to your advantage.

Editing your photos can be fun, and you will enjoy using the software to enhance and improve the shots that you have taken. Creating a fantastic artistic outcome is no longer complicated, and once you discover the best digital photography software, you will love experimenting. There are numerous features included in the software, all of which will help you to enhance your photos.

The features that are typically included on basic packages are color tone, adjusting exposure, cropping, and sharpening the images that you have taken. All of these are straightforward to use, and will enhance the photo to make it look like a professional shot. However, there are also professional software packages that provide more advanced features.

There are numerous things that can be achieved with the best desktop imaging software, and you will enjoy manipulating and removing objects to create the ultimate photo. You will be amazed at the different technology that is now available, including the ability to improve old photographs. If your parents and grandparents have old photos, you can easily invigorate them to bring them back to life.

Alongside the different features that are available, you will also discover that there are fun software packages which can bring life and imagination to a photo. You may want to create a story book, calendar, or even greeting cards. The possibilities are endless, and you will want to explore every aspect of the digital photography software.

Free packages are always worth looking at when you show an interest in any software; however, you need to understand that these will be limited. If you want better quality software that will offer you more, purchasing it may be the only option. There are numerous different software packages available to purchase ensuring that you find one to fit your budget.

Taking the time and effort to research the different digital photography software available will ensure that you make the right choice. Once the software is downloaded, you can begin to explore the possibilities. Taking photos is a fantastic way to capture the moment, and ensure that you create memories for a lifetime.

Article source: PhotographyStuffOnline.com