Descriptive Programming In Qtp – Part 1

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Hello Friends,
In this series of post, we’ll learn about Descriptive programming (DP).

There are two ways, QTP uses to recognize the objects present in your application.

1. Object Repository (OR)
2. Descriptive Programming (DP)

First let see how OR works. OR is the simple and default way of object identification in QTP. OR stores groups of properties and values of every object. While you record on application, all the objects you click, are stored in Object Repository.

During the play back QTP use this OR to identify the object on which the action is to be performed.

What is Descriptive programming (DP)?

We’ll use DP when we want to bypass OR. Descriptive programming is used when we want to perform an operation on an object that is not stored in the object repository. This way QTP wont search for the object properties in the OR, but will take it from the DP statement.

Why use Descriptive programming (DP)?

Everything looks fine while automating test using OR then why should I use DP?

Well, there might be many valid reason to do so. Think about a situation – you want to close all opened browser automatically before you start executing your script. Here OR will not help you to identify an object as it is not possible to store all the opened browser objects into OR. Make sense?

No worries! We’ll discuss the need and benefits of DP in detail later in this post. Well examine scenarios where ORs advantages are outweighed by the DP.

I am not very good in vbscript. Is it mandetory to learn vbscript explicitly to write DP?

No. Not at all! Its not mandetory, but yeah.. recommended. For basic opretions and starting with DP, this post will guide you.
Although, for advanced oprations i.e. using COM, AOM, complex framworks etc. vbscript knowledge is the key.

Okie guys! Now, lets start writing DP!

Writing Descriptive Programming (DP):

DP can be written in two ways..

1. Static (by provide the set of properties and values directly)
2. Dynamic (by creating description object)

Static:

– In Static method of DP, we provide the set of properties and values directly in a single line, in form of the string arguments.

Here is the format/syntax of DP..
object’s Class Name(“property name:=property value)
Exmp 1: webbutton(Name:=Google Search)

object’s Class Name = webbutton
property name = Name
property value = Google Search

Exmp 2:- Browser(google).page(google).webbutton(name:=Google Search,type:= Submit).click

In above statement, Browser(google) and page(google) are written using OR. And webbutton(name:=Google Search,type:= Submit) is written using DP. Please note that we can write multiple set of properties and values in any DP statement.

Examples:
webbutton(name:=Google Search).click

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Windows Small Business Server 2008 Standard and Premium Editions Exceeding Expectations

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Another new function is the Read-Only Domain Controller (RODC) that allows IT staff to configure the Active Directory infrastructure as read-only. Such a configuration keeps Active Directory replication unidirectional, rather than bidirectional, as it is normally configured. An organization could use this setup once again in the branch office location where connections back to the central office may not be as fast or as reliable. In this situation, Active Directory would be configured at the central office and then sent out to remote sites before it is accessed. Combining configurations of Server Core, BitLocker and RODC provides a level of security in the Server 2008 release impossible in prior releases. Configuring machines as read-only guarantees the data cannot be compromised even if a hacker were able to penetrate perimeter defenses. Also, if a theft were to occur in which a server was stolen at a remote site, BitLocker guarantees the data contained on the machine to be indecipherable, while RODC controls allow for administrators to reconfigure the network with a few clicks of the mouse.

Internet Information Services (IIS) is the server-side technology that first became available with Windows NT 3.51 back in 1995. With the seventh full release of IIS available for the first time in Server 2008, the service becomes fully configurable. Web administrators specify precisely which services they would like to enable – and which services they would like to disable. All of IIS 7 is also supported by the new Server Manager console.

Versions and Licensing

Several different product editions of Windows Server 2008 are available. Depending upon the version, each type is configured for specific hardware platforms, such as 32 bit or 64 bit, and versions are available with virtualization capability built in, while others leave the function out.

It is important to understand Microsoft’s different available methods of licensing when purchasing server products. The Microsoft Open License is intended for smaller customers with less than 250 desktop computers in their network. As few as five licenses can be purchased and with these licenses, the owner has the right to transfer images to different machines or transfer a license to another machine.

Microsoft Volume Licensing is intended for networks serving more than 250 computers. Within this group are several account levels that offer flexible payment scheduling. The same rights are established as with the Open License, but there are added discounts for the volume purchases.

Both types of licensing come with the option to add Microsoft’s Software Assurance plan, which provides maintenance for Microsoft products.

Software Assurance includes comprehensive support including training and the ability to speak with Microsoft representatives to assist in deploying and managing Server 2008 software. Software Assurance should not be overlooked in any Microsoft purchase. With the purchase, software upgrades are included in addition to Version Rights, which guarantees the purchaser the right, at no extra charge, to new editions of the product purchased should one become available during the length of the Software Assurance contract.

Dish Network International Programming Package

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Looking for the best international programming on dish TV? Then you will surely enjoy the extensive range of international programming on Dish Network. These channels bring you the best of international programs in different languages. No matter what is your native language or from which country you belong, you can still find international programming at a language closer to your home. There is a wide array of international channels available with the satellite TV provider. The company is also planning to introduce a few new channels consisting of some of the best quality international entertainment.

At present people from different corners of the world are living in the United States for different purposes like studying, jobs and many more. These people hardly can find time to get in touch with their native land and native people. So dish TV international channels come as a great source of entertainment to them. With these programming packages they can enjoy a wide array of programming in a language they and their native people speak and understand. There is a wide array of such international packages that are dedicated to one or more languages. At present the satellite TV provider has over 180 channels in over 28 languages that are spoken in different parts of the world. If you are a foreigner in the United States you can still keep in touch with the events, rituals and customs of your native land by opting for these dish packages.

Who will want to opt for dish international channels?

The people who are living in the United States away from their native land for different purpose are the prime viewers of the international TV programming. Dish network providers bring them the best satellite TV international packages at unbelievable rates. They can opt for the packages of their choice and can avail a plethora of channels that provide them quality entertainment like movies, sports, news and much more.

The international standard hotels are also a part of the international package clientele. As these hotels welcome foreigner guests everyday they opt for these channels as a part of their guest entertainment facilities. The foreigners often prefer to watch programs in their native language and hence the hotels and other free to guest facilities opt for dish international packages.

What do the international packages offer to you?

There are special international packages for different targeted audience. For example, there are Dish Latino packages for the Mexican and Latin American community. You can also get different packages for Russian people, South Asian people as well as people from Arabia and Middle East. There are programs for Chinese and other Asian people as well.

The international programming in dish network has huge popularity and fan following. Due to this the satellite TV provider is planning to provide a few new international channels. These channels are sure to keep the viewers thoroughly entertained with its highly engaging as well as interesting content throughout the day.

Android Programming Tutorial- Best For Beginners

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Its a know fact that Android is an operating system based upon Linux which has a Java programming interface. It offers tools, e.g. a compiler, debugger along with a device emulator combined with particular Java Virtual machine (DVM). Android is made by the Open Handset Alliance which is lead by Google. Android supports 2-D and 3-D graphics utilizing the OpenGL libraries and supports data storage inside a SQLLite database. Google provides for development the Android Development Tools (ADT) for Eclipse to produce Android applications.

Every Android application works in its own process and is isolated from all other running applications. Therefore on misbehaving application cannot harm other Android applications.

If you wish to write programs for Android then according to My online research indicates that the following steps are a good kick off point to to become a master Android programmer:

1. Learn Java.
2. Install the Android Developer Kit, Eclipse, and the Eclipse plug-in for Android programming.
3. Figure out how to use Eclipse with the Android plug-in.
4. Learn how to design Java programs for Android.

Learn How To Program For Android Platform At EDUmobile.org

EDUmobile.ORG conducts the Internet’s most popular private Interactive Android Training Program, that is currently training over one hundred and fifty developers, at both the Beginner and Advanced levels.

Course creators and instructors have worked on mobile apps and mobile gaming projects published by top tier companies such as EA Mobile, iPlay, Oberon Media, Disney Mobile, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros, and Vodafone amongst others.

The Android Tutorials are Delivered By –

[1] Online Video Training Sessions
[2] One-on-One Interactive Online Support
[3] Weekly PDFs and Worksheets
[4] One or Two Live Industrial Projects

Learn more about the Android development tutorial and Android programming tutorial at EDUmobile.ORG

Setting Up A Web Conference Server

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People who meet online regularly rarely think about the web conference server. While this is an important component of successful web conference meetings, once it works they dont need to. From the outset it establishes control of the presentation and allows the moderator to change the presenter when required. Those who set up meetings online should have an understanding of the web conference server. They need to know about its basic components and their importance to a well structured web conference.

The Functions of the Web Conference Server

Even a company new to web conferencing can quickly understand the basic features and start hosting meetings. Naturally, the components are not limited to the hosting of meetings. Web conferencing also allow a company to streamline its operations and save money. Web conference servers have a variety of functions including:

Application sharing: This is one of the best features of web conference solutions. Users can collaborate using the same application.
Managing media files: This is important given the wide range of file types that may be used in any one presentation. This includes still images such as JPEGs and TIFFs, and audio files.
Collaboration: This is the backbone of any web conference utility. It covers a wide range of features such as chat, file transfer and whiteboard.

The Web Conference Server Infrastructure

The ability to host a web conference depends on basic elements such as phone lines and Internet service. Depending on the size of the network and teams involved additional components may be needed. An Internet Locator Service (ILS) has proven to be valuable to some users in setting up a web conference server. The ILS performs two main functions:

It allows the host to maintain an up-to-date directory of anyone who may need to be involved in a web conference at any time. This makes it easy to keep track of participants and to notify them of meetings or send out reminders.
It will address bandwidth concerns ensuring that the web conference is not hampered by low speed transmission of data.

To make the process easier, some users opt for meeting software such as those offered by RHUB Communications. Typically these devices support both Mac and PC platforms and offer universal attendance technology. Their main advantage is that with direct ownership no monthly fees are required.

History of PHP and Advanced Development in PHP Programming

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The original PHP release was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in June 1995 for his own personal use, to make various common web programming tasks easier and less repetitive and to track the visitors to his online resume.

In 1997, the software transformed from a personal development project into a professional development effort. The name originally stood for “Personal Home Page,” but has since become a recursive acronym, standing for PHP Hypertext Processor.

The goal of this release was to minimize the amount of code required to achieve results, which led to PHP being HTML centric–that is, PHP code was embedded inside HTML.

The second PHP release, known as PHP/F1 2.0 was the first to achieve wide spread popularity, and despite the parsing inconsistencies, it managed to attract a few converts.

The release of PHP 3 was largely driven by Zeev Suraski and Andi Gutmans, who rewrote PHP from the ground up and removed the parsing problems. PHP 3 also made it much easier for others to extend the language. PHP 3 has live up to the design goals of improving the performance of complex applications and modularity of PHP’S code base. Apart from this, it provides end users with a solid infrastructure for lots of different databases, protocols and APIs.

Its successor, PHP 4, contained numerous major changes, including Zend Engine. PHP 4 has introduced multi-threading, which essentially allows particularly lengthy, but non-critical functions to be run independently from the main script process, further streamlining execution.

The engine took over the core of PHP and introduced reference counting, whereby all resources used in scripts (database connections, files, etc) are tracked automatically by the engine, and freed when no longer used to minimize memory usage and ensure there were no memory leaks. In short, Zend engine, take a leading role in improving the performance of PHP scripts.

PHP 5 offers three different types of properties: public, protected and private properties. PHP 5 was released powered by the new Zend Engine II. PHP 5 included new features such as:

Support for object-oriented programming, better support for MYSQL, embedded support for SQlite and integrated SOAP support.
The PHP Data Objects extension, which defines a light weight and consistent interface for accessing databases.
Performance enhancements
Data iterators
Error handling via exceptions

Although not as vast as the jump from PHP 3 to PHP 4, the move from PHP 4 to PHP 5 is still a big one.

Along with hugely improved object orientation, the addition of try/catch error handling, and exceptions, there are two major new extensions: simple XML, a fast and easy-to-learn way to interact with XML documents, and SQLite, a new flat-file database API that eases the burden of deploying simple database solutions.

Programming Free TV Shows

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Free TV shows are broadcast by free television networks with one primary goal: to capture the greatest number of viewers and hold their interest for the longest time.These numbers are then used by the networks to persuade advertisers to place their commercials on these top-rated shows.

Sounds simple, but this kind of work is not the easiest job in the world.

Programming the shows on a network has to consider so many factors.Capturing the greatest number of viewers calls for a judicious spread of programs that will interest all kinds of viewers.Factors about these viewers – age, gender, and their various cultural, religious, and political persuasions – have to be carefully considered as well.

Very important, too, would be the decision on what time slots these shows are programmed to be aired.Ideally, these would be the time segments when the intended target markets for these free shows are thought to be concentrated.(Surveys are done to pinpoint the precise time slots for all kinds of audience groupings.)

In short, the free TV shows that you love so much are not there on a whim or through sheer luck.They are there precisely to MAKE you watch them at such a precise time.

The following are some programming strategies that make up the various decision points that network executives consider when they air these shows.

Dayparting

Dayparting is the practice of dividing the day into several parts.After which, they assign particular shows to air in these time divisions (with the help of survey results) hoping to catch and hold the interest of the audience.

Tent pole programming

Here, the programmers identify the network’s hit series and place two unknown or weak shows on either side of the program.Usually, the strength of the hit series (the network’s tent pole) brings the other programs to rate good as well.

In the movies and in TV network programming, a tent pole is a film or a flagship series which is heavily promoted (and invested on) and is expected to hold up everything that the movie studio or TV network had produced.

The term is borrowed from the old traveling circus shows where tents were constructed in each town they went to.The big circus tent was largely held up by the main tent pole in the center.

Hammocking

Working like a real hammock, this is the physical opposite of tent pole programming.This time, an unpopular program is aired in-between two hit shows, sort of “hammocking” the weak show using the two popular hits.

The main goal, of course, is to gather bigger audience or viewers to the weak show, carried as it is by two popular shows.

Counterprogramming

This programming strategy is usually employed by rival networks out to derail the competitor’s program.It is airing a totally different program that appeals to another group of audience.The goal is to diminish or wipe out a big portion of the rival’s audience share.

Resolving Database recovery failed with error -1216 Error in Exchange Server

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There are some situations, such as virus infection, improper system shutdown, application malfunction, and missing database objects, where the Exchange Server Database (EDB file) may get damaged and all of the stored data become inaccessible. To handle such situations, Exchange Server includes a repair utility called Eseutil. It can detect errors, repair them and defragment the hard drive. But this utility can not handle the situation in case of severe damage and you encounter data loss situations. At this point, you are required to go for Exchange Server Recovery solutions. Sometimes when you attempt to repair a damaged Exchange Server database using Eseutil tool, the process might fail and you may find the following entries in the Application Event Log of Exchange Server:

Event Type: InformationEvent Source: ESE Event Category: Logging/Recovery Event ID: 301 Date: 29-08-2003 Time: 13:44:26 User: N/A Computer: SNUCKERSERVER Description: Information Store (2040) 8f47d891-b071-466b-b70d-ae123f886ea6: The database engine has begun replaying logfile C:Program FilesExchsrvrmdbdataE00.log. For more information, click .

And

Event Type: Error Event Source: ESE Event Category: Logging/Recovery Event ID: 494 Date: 29-08-2003 Time: 13:44:27 User: N/A Computer: SNUCKERSERVER Description: Information Store (2040) Database recovery failed with error -1216 because it encountered references to a database,’C:Program FilesExchsrvrmdbdatapriv1.edb’, which is no longer present. The database was not brought to a consistent state efore it was removed (or possibly moved or renamed). The database engine will not permit recovery to complete for this instance until the missing database is re-instated. If the database is truly no longer available and no longer required, please contact PSS for further instructions regarding the steps required in order to allow recovery to proceed without this database.For more information, click .

This situation occurs generally in case of serious damage to Exchange Server database, which can not be repaired by Eseutil.In such circumstances, you need to repair and restore the database using third party Exchange Server Repair solutions.

These solutions are available in the form of easy to use applications, known as Exchange Server Recovery software. These software apply efficient scanning algorithms on the corrupted EDB file to retrieve all of its damaged or corrupted objects such as emails, notes, contacts, tasks and so forth. These tools have interactive and simple graphical user interface to provide easy, quick and absolute recovery.

Microsoft Exchange Recovery tool is the most effective and advanced tool to effectively retrieve all of the inaccessible data from EDB file. It works well with Exchange Server 2003, 2000 and 5.5. This Exchange Recovery software is compatible with Windows 2003, XP, Windows 7 and 2000.

About Author:

Axel Culver has passion for writing Technical article. He is right now writing articles related to Product like Exchange Recovery Tool and Exchange Repair Software for Microsoft Exchange Server.He is a professional writer and has written many blogs, article, press releasing and content for many websites.

Keep Those Back Injuries At Bay With The Sl500 Server Lift

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Around, 80% of the injuries in the workplace are back injuries due to heavy lifting. This can be more common in a data centre, as the majority of rack mount equipment, like servers are extremely heavy items of equipment. In order to reduce the likelihood that injuries would occur, the use of a server lift can be incorporated into your work environment.

Like any piece of equipment on the market, there are a lot of choices, so choosing the correct piece of equipment is vital to the smooth running of your company. Many of the data centres where we work tend to be rather cramped and the areas between the server racks can be quite narrow. The SL500 server lift has a great advantage over its competitors as the footprint of the machine is really small. The SL500 server lift width is just 24 inches, so manoeuvring through slim isles is made a lot easier with this equipment.

An important factor when choosing a new server lift is to make sure it meets the current OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) guidelines that are set out. The SL500 server lift meets and in some cases, exceeds those guidelines. This can not only assist you in making sure that your workplace is as safe as possible but if used properly, it is highly unlikely that any accidents are going to occur.

As far as the weight that the SL500 server lifter is able to handle, the maximum is 500 pounds. So what about the height it can lift to, the SL500 server lift can lift equipment to a height of 8 feet, making it very convenient to lift equipment to the higher levels in your racks. In addition, you can also lift other items such as heavy batteries and with the included strap handles, remove items safely from a box with the use of this server lift.

The controls that operate the SL500 server lift are not only easy to understand and use, but extremely easy to manoeuvre heavy equipment very precisely in to and out of your racks. The brake/stabilizer locking system helps to keep the server lift in place while you are positioning the equipment.. The onboard controls supply you with the ability to manoeuvre any item into very small places, so that the server or any other hardware can be slid into the rack conveniently.

Selecting the right server lift can not only help you to make sure that your working environment is safe, when you choose the SL500, you’re also giving yourself an efficient piece of equipment that your entire workforce will appreciate.

The SL500 is definitely a piece of equipment to think about as it ticks the right boxes and gets the job done.

DISH Network, an Obvious Choice to the Hindi Programming Viewers

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DISH Network has given a new dimension to satellite TV entertainment. For the viewers it has come up with many strategically designed packages which are perfect to meet the need of the viewers. With any of the DISH Network package, the viewers will get the best value for their money. To meet the TV viewing needs of the international viewers, this service provider has designed many international packages. Hindi programming pack is one of the most popular one in the list.

Those who speak Hindi and living in the United States for them options are available in plenty. There are countless choices and they will hardly miss their native culture and language. Some of the most notable packs include Hindi Mega Pack, Hindi Super Pack, Hindi Elite Pack, and Hindi – SAB & Aapka Colors. Apart from these, there are other 35 packages which bring unlimited entertainment in Hindi Language.

Hindi – Star India One & Aapka Colors, Hindi – Sony & TV Asia, Hindi – Zee TV & Sahara One, Hindi Sony & Aapka Colors, Hindi: Zee Cinema, Hindi Sahara One & Star India One, Hindi Zee TV & SAB,Hindi: News Annual, Hindi: Zee Sports, etc. are some of the other remarkable names in the list.

Hindi Elite Pack has been destined to offer the best of Hindi Programming to the viewers. Just by paying $34.99, the viewer can enjoy exciting channels like Zee TV, STAR India One, SONY Entertainment Asia, and STAR India Plus. Wide and diverse array of programs are available to meet the expectation of the viewers.

Pay just $44.99 per month, and enjoy all the stunning programs ranging from sitcoms to the best comedy shows, reality shows to family dramas. Hindi Super Pack brings this exciting offer for the Hindi language viewers. Dont need to pay any activation fee to avail this pack and they get free standard installation service. Aapka Colors, Star India One, Zee TV, NDTV Imagine, Star India Plus, etc. are some of the notable channels in this package.

If you want more, sign up for Hindi Mega Pack, the most comprehensive packages in Hindi language in the United States. With just $59.99 per month, the viewers can take pleasure in wide variety of channels of all taste. Here you get to watch thrillers, lifestyle shows, latest news, latest movies, reality shows, and much much more. Some of the top channels in Hindi language are available in this pack. These include B4u Movies, B4u Music, Aaj Tak, Aapka Colors, Star India Plus, Zee Cinema, Headlines Today, etc.

With any of the above mentioned packages, the viewers can also subscribe SET MAX by paying just $19.99 per month. So, choose your preferred pack and enjoy TV viewing at the fullest.